A Pagan Sun Salutation: Liber Resh

Aleister Crowley’s Liber Resh provides a complete formula for a four-times-daily salutation of the Sun: at dawn, noon, sunset, and midnight. Crowley said that regular performance of the ritual would make the aspirant identify him- or herself with the Sun rather than the earth, and thus become aware of oneself as an eternal being.

The instructions below include a sign that can be made during the length of each salutation, followed by the Sign of Silence.

This ritual can be found in Magick: Liber ABA (Book IV).

Liber Resh vel Helios
sub figurâ CC
Publication in class D

0. These are the adorations to be performed by aspirants to the A∴ A∴

1. Let him greet the Sun at dawn, facing East, giving the sign of his grade. And let him say in a loud voice:

Hail unto Thee who art Ra in Thy rising,
even unto Thee who art Ra in Thy strength,
who travellest over the Heavens in Thy bark
at the Uprising of the Sun.
Tahuti standeth in His splendour at the prow,
and Ra-Hoor abideth at the helm.
Hail unto Thee from the Abodes of Night!

 
 
The Sign of Osiris Slain: The Cross

The Sign of Osiris Slain: The Cross

2. Also at Noon, let him greet the Sun, facing South, giving the sign of his grade. And let him say in a loud voice:

Hail unto Thee who art Ahathoor in Thy triumphing,
even unto Thee who art Ahathoor in Thy beauty,
who travellest over the heavens in thy bark
at the Mid-course of the Sun.
Tahuti standeth in His splendour at the prow,
and Ra-Hoor abideth at the helm.
Hail unto Thee from the Abodes of Morning!

 
 
The Sign of Fire: The Goddess Thoum-æsh-neith

The Sign of Fire: The Goddess Thoum-æsh-neith

3. Also, at Sunset, let him greet the Sun, facing West, giving the sign of his grade. And let him say in a loud voice:

Hail unto Thee who art Tum in Thy setting,
even unto Thee who art Tum in Thy joy,
who travellest over the Heavens in Thy bark
at the Down-going of the Sun.
Tahuti standeth in His splendour at the prow,
and Ra-Hoor abideth at the helm.
Hail unto Thee from the Abodes of Day!

The Sign of Air: The God Shu supporting the sky.

The Sign of Air: The God Shu supporting the sky.

4. Lastly, at Midnight, let him greet the Sun, facing North, giving the sign of his grade, and let him say in a loud voice:

Hail unto thee who art Khephra in Thy hiding,
even unto Thee who art Khephra in Thy silence,
who travellest over the heavens in Thy bark
at the Midnight Hour of the Sun.
Tahuti standeth in His splendour at the prow,
and Ra-Hoor abideth at the helm.
Hail unto Thee from the Abodes of Evening.

 
The Sign of Water: The Goddess Auramoth

The Sign of Water: The Goddess Auramoth

5. And after each of these invocations thou shalt give the sign of silence, and afterward thou shalt perform the adoration that is taught thee by thy Superior. And then do thou compose Thyself to holy meditation.

The Sign of Harpocrates: The Sign of Silence

The Sign of Harpocrates: The Sign of Silence

6. Also it is better if in these adorations thou assume the God-form of Whom thou adorest, as if thou didst unite with Him in the adoration of That which is beyond Him.

7. Thus shalt thou ever be mindful of the Great Work which thou hast undertaken to perform, and thus shalt thou be strengthened to pursue it unto the attainment of the Stone of the Wise, the Summum Bonum, True Wisdom and Perfect Happiness.

* * *

Here are a few additional instructions for giving each of the signs. It’s best to maintain each position during the entire time you perform each salutation.

Sign of Air: The God Shu supporting the sky:

Raise your hands out to the sides and above your head, with elbows at right angles. Your palms should face upward and out to either side, as if you were supporting a weight above your head.

Sign of Water: The Goddess Auramoth:

Raise your arms so that your elbows go out to either side, bringing your hands to your chest to form a downward-pointing triangle. Let your thumbs meet and the tips of your fingertips touch. The triangle should be formed at the level of the heart.

Sign of Fire: The Goddess Thoum-æsh-neith:

Put your arms over your head, with the hands forming an upward-pointing triangle at your forehead. Let your thumbs meet and the tips of your fingertips touch. The base of the triangle should be at your eyebrows.

Sign of Earth: The God Set Fighting:

Raise your right arm up, and slightly in front of you, with your palm facing forward. Put your left arm straight back, at about a 30 degree angle, so that both arms form a straight line. Raise your head to look the direction of your raised right hand.

Sign of Isis Mourning: The Svastika:

Both elbows are kept squared in this sign. Raise the right arm to point upwards, and turn the left arm to point downwards. Turn the head over the left shoulder, and let your gaze fall on your left forearm/hand.

Sign of Osiris Risen: The Pentagram:

The arms are crossed on the breast, and the head is bowed.

Sign of Harpocrates: The Sign of Silence:

Bring the right forefinger to the lips, like telling someone “shhh.”

For most posts on Aleister Crowley and Thelema, please see the archives here.